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The World of George Orwell's 1984


The urge to create fictional locations is hardly confined to fiction writers, although they account for most of the towns, cities, states, provinces, countries, islands and continents that follow. Note that fictional locations, especially towns, are dense packed in North America.


AfricaEdit

DesertsEdit

Aladeen Desert - The Dictator 2012 film

Cities and TownsEdit

Dunia Town - Anthony Burgess' novel Devil of a State, p. 166
Lira - Michaela Wrong's novel Borderlines
Malabo (in Malawi) - Paul Theroux's novel The Lower River
New Mombasa - HALO3: ODST game
Sanasa Michaela Wrong's novel Borderlines

CountriesEdit

Aburiria - Ngugi Wa Thiong’o's novel Wizard of the Crow
African Complex - Max Ehrlich's novel The Edict
African Empire - Poul Anderson's "Ghetto" in William F. Nolan's short story collection A Wilderness of Stars
Afrikaribesia - Enoch Ajunwa's novel Unknown Destination
Afro-European Federation - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Time for the Stars
Azania - John C. Wright's novel Count to a Trillion, p. 184
Beninia - John Brunner's novel Stand on Zanzibar
Buttata - James Lilliefors's novel Viral, pp. 4, 217
Coptic Union - John C. Wright's novel Count to a Trillion, p. 184
Republic of Dongo - Dambisa Moyo's nonfiction book Dead Aid
Dunia (East African Caliphate), a.k.a. Daru-i-riszwan or (Abode of Grace) - Anthony Burgess' novel Devil of a State
East African Federation - Alastair Reynolds's novel Blue Remembered Earth
East Sudan - Scandal television series
Equatorial Kundu (West Africa) - The West Wing television series
Federal Africa - M.J. Locke's novel Up Against It, p. 162
Federal Republic of Darrar - Michela Wrong's novel Borderlines
Gorotoland - Allen Drury's novel Capable of Honor
Ishmaelia - Evelyn Waugh's novel Scoop
Kamanga - Chris Ryan's novel Tenth Man Down
Ken-Tan-Moz - Ben Jeapes's novel Phoenicia's World
Kingdonm of Katanga - David Brin's novel Existence, p. 409
Kenyopia - Totally Spies! animated television series
Republic of Kikaya - Larry Viven and Steven Barnes's novel The Moon Maze Game
Kukuanaland H. Rider Haggard's novel King Solomon's Mines
Kush - John Updike's novel The Coup
Lyrobia - Totally Spies! animated television series
Mancala - James Lilliefors's novel Viral, p. 217
Republic of Masada (Madagascar) - Christopher Priest's novel The Separation
Midafrica - Poul Anderson's "The Communicators," a short story in Robert Hoskin's collection Infinity One
Naraka - Anthony Burgess's novel Devil of a State, pp. 38, 105
New Angola - Brian W. Aldiss' novel Earthworks
New Harare - Kim Stanley Robinson's novel 2312, pp. 374-387
New Zimbabwe - Kim Stanley Robinson's novel 2312, p. 387
Nibia - Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls 1995 film
North Darrar - Michela Wrong's novel Borderlines
PanAfrica - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
Rhodesia (future sovereign fragment of contemporary Zimbabwe) - Kim Stanley Robinson's novel 2312, p. 387
Ruratania (sub-Saharan Africa) - Richard Rottenburg's nonfiction book Far-Fetched Facts description from MIT Press
Shurga - Anthony Burgess's novel Devil of a State, pp. 30, 38
Republic of Sundiata - James Lilliefors's novel Viral, pp. 8, 217
Trognika - Anthony Burgess's novel Devil of a State, p. 105
Union of North Africa - Harry Harrison's novel Planet of the Damned, p. 29, brief reference
Unnamed country in "equatorial Africa" that carries out nuclear attack on the United States in the Cold War scenario "The 36-Hour War," Life November 19, 1945. Vol. 19, No. 21. source
Wadiya - The Dictator 2012 film
Waterberg State - Brian W. Aldiss's novel Earthworks
Zamunda - Coming to America 1988 film
Zembla - The Wild Geese 1978 film
Zemgara - Oh Lucky Man! 1973 film

(non-state Regions)Edit

the charity zone (between Malawi and Mozambique) - Paul Theroux's novel The Lower River
Pallolus - Medieval European legend of a "island of gold" somewhere in West Africa, south of the Atlas Mts.

TribesEdit

Waziri - Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan universe

AntarcticEdit

Cities and TownsEdit

City of the Invalidated Past - James Morrow's novel This is the Way the World Ends, p. 135

ArcticEdit

Cities and TownsEdit

Camp Byrd (northern Greenland) - J.G. Ballard's novel The Drowned World, p. 35
Esperanza (Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North
Evangeline (Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North
Homerton(Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North
New Providence (Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North
Plymouth (Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North
Polyn 66 (Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North
the Zone (Tunguska) - Marcel Theroux's novel Far North

CountriesEdit

AustraliaEdit

Ross City - Gregory Benford's short story "The Scarred Man," Venture May 1970

North AmericaEdit

Intentional CommunitiesEdit

Elysium (north Georgia) - Wanderlust 2012 film

Cities and TownsEdit

Absolution - Cowboys and Aliens 2011 film
Agrestic (California) - Weeds television series
Altamont - Thomas Wolfe's novel Look Homeward, Angel
Arnoldstown (named for Benedict Arnold and located in the Republic of New England) - Kingsley Amis's novel The Alteration
Ascension (Washington) - Behemoth 2011 television movie
Avonlea (Prince Edward Island) - Lucy Maud Montgomery's novel Anne of Green Gables
Banville (California) - My Name is Khan 2010 film
Belmont Falls (possibly Massachusetts) - "Glow in the Dark" episode of Boston Legal
Biloxi (Tennessee) - F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby
Blackwater - Straw Dogs 2011 remake of the brilliant 1971 film (why bother to take any artistic risks?)
Bomer (Kansas) - Joseph Millard's novel The Gods Hate Kansas
Bridge-to-Nowhere (village on a destroyed spaghetti overpass) - John C. Wright's novel Count to a Trillion, p. 45
Bridgeburg (Ohio) - Fit Town Fat Town episode of News Readers with Louis La Fonda
Cascadiopolis - Jay Lake's "In the Forests of the Night," in John Scalzi's short story collection Metatropolis
Catela (California) - Tim Z. Hernandez's short story collection Breathing, In Dust
Cedar Creek (California) - Outbreak 1995 film
Centertown (Indiana) - Lloyd Biggle Jr.'s short story collection The Rule of the Door and Other Fanciful Regulations
Chatswin (New York) - Suburgatory television series
Chorowait (New York) - Robert Sheckley's novel The Journey of Joenes
Cobbler's Bluff - David Sedaris' novel Naked, brief reference p. 156
Cooper's Dell - Red State 2011 film
Cutter (Washington, near Spokane) - Chris Crutcher's young adult novel Whale Talk
DeBitter (Indiana) - The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle 2000 film
Democra-city - 1939 New York World's Fair exhibit
Dirtbag (Ohio) - SNL Sketch
Eagle Glen - Tom Vanderbilt's nonfiction book Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We do, pp. 140-141
East Chatswin (New York) - Suburgatory television series
Daughtry (Texas) - Django Unchained 2012 film
Dis-incorporated Area or DZ (southern California) - Robert Kroese's novel The Big Sheep
Evers (Mississippi) - Norman Spinrad's novel Bug Jack Barron
Five Points - The Simpsons animated comedy television series
Fledgling Ridge - Tom Vanderbilt's nonfiction book Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We do. pp. 140-141
Flowertown (Iowa) (refugee settlement) - S.G. Redling's novel Flowertown
Forks (Washington) - Stephenie Meyer's novel Twilight
Fort Falls - Dark Matter television series
Frostbite Falls - The Bullwinkle Show
Galt's Gulch - Ayn Rand's novel Atlas Shrugged
Gatlin (Nebraska) - Stephen King's novel Children of the Corn
Gitler (Missouri) - James Blish and Norman L. Knight's novel A Torrent of Faces
Goblu (Michigan) - copyright trap
Gordonville (Louisiana) - Karel Capek's novel War With the Newts, footnote p. 156
Great New York - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
Greater Vancouver - Robert A. Heinlein and Spider Robinson's novel Variable Star
Green Bluff (Illinois) - Ray Bradbury's novel The Martian Chronicles
Green Prairie - Philip Wylie's novel Tomorrow! (Beyond Armageddon)
Guadalatucky - Inside Probing, Part 1 episode of My Name is Earl, April 30, 2009
Hammond (North Carolina) - The Campaign 2012 film
Hemlock Grove (Pennsylvania) - Brian McGreevy's novel Hemlock Grove: A Novel
Independence, USA - Glenn Beck conservative fantasy planned town
Killeville (Virginia) - Rudy Rucker's novel Hylozoic
Langley Falls - American Dad television series
Lillian (Ohio) - Super 8 2011 film
Lucifer (New Mexico) - Route 666: Part 1 episode of Married With Children television series
Lumberton (Northwest) - Blue Velvet 1986 film
Lynx River - CBC television series North of 60
Mahogonny - Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht's opera "Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny" (Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny)
Manbrookstat - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero
Mandrake Falls (New Hampshire) - Mr. Deeds 2002 film
Mason - John Benjamin Has a Van episode
McDermot (Nebraska) - Dan O'Brien's novel Stolen Horses
Mercury (Minnesota) - Young Adult 2011 "tragedy/comedy" film
Mercyville American Dad television series, brief reference
Millgate - Philip K. Dick's novel Now Wait for Last Year
Mishaumok - Adeline Dutton Whitney's 1863 novel Faith Gartney's Girldhood'
Missile Gap (Alabama) - Christopher Buckley's novel They Eat Puppies, Don't They?
Morganville (Wisconsin) - Identity Thief 2013 film
Morgue - "The Zanti Misfits" episode of The Outer Limits, December 30, 1963
Moorcroft (Wyoming) - Paul 2011 film
Mooseport (Maine) - Welcome to Mooseport 2004 film
Moralton (Statesota) - Adult Swim series Moral Orel Adult Swim television series
Mount Harwell (Ohio) - Lloyd Biggle, Jr.'s novel The Chronocide Mission: A Time Travel Novel
Mystic Falls (Virginia) - The Vampire Diaries television series
New Greenwich - In Time 2011 film
New Jerusalem - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Revolt in 2100
New St. Louis - John Scalzi's "Utere Nihil Non Extra Quititationem Suis," in his own edited short story collection Metatropolis
New Vegas - David Brin's novel Existence, p. 37
New Woodstock - Mack Reynolds' novel The Towers of Utopia
Novoe Washingtongrad - James Blish and Norman L. Knight's novel A Torrent of Faces
Nuevo Santa Fe - Steven Gould's novel 7th Sigma
Old Sandwich - episodes in Season 7 and 8 of the television series Weeds
Ouranos (Idaho) - Greg Bear's novel Heads, p. 48
Paradise (Louisiana) - Walker Percy's novel Love in the Ruins
Pawnee (Indiana) - Parks and Recreation television series
Peaceful Valley - "Valley of the Shadow" Twilight Zone January 17, 1963.
Peyton Place (New Hampshire) - Grace Metalious' 1956 novel Peyton Place and Peyton Place 1957 film
Phoenecia - Mack Reynolds' novel The Towers of Utopia
Pig-Symbol (Alabama) - SNL Weekend Update
Pleasantville 1998 film
Pleasantville - Christopher Heath Wellman's nonfiction A Theory of Succession, p. 11
Plotinus - David Lodge's novel Changing Places
Port York (State of Manhattan) - James Blish's short story "A Work of Art" in Science Fiction Stories July 1956
Pluto (North Dakota) - Louise Erdich's novel A Plague of Doves
Push (Nevada) - Push, Nevada 2002 ABC television series starring Scarlett Chorvat
Quivira and Cíbola (Seven cities of gold)
River City - Philip Wylie's novel Tomorrow! (Beyond Armageddon)
Riverton (Ohio) - Fit Town Fat Town episode of News Readers with Louis La Fonda
Sacremende (California) - "Hand to God" episode of television series Arrested Development, March 6, 2005
Salvation City (Indiana) - Sigrid Nunez's novel Salvation City
Santa Mira (California) - Invasion of the Body Snatchers book and film
Sea Haven - The Truman Show 1998 film
Seever City (Iowa) - Premier episode of Warehouse 13, Syfy Channel, July 9, 2009
Slippage City - "Slippage City," a short story in Fred Hoyle's collection Element 79
Springfield, USA (Cobra Command base) - GI Joe toy line and films
Sterling (Louisiana) - Arcana Chronicles.
Sunnydale (California) - Buffy the Vampire Slayer television series
Switchcreek (Tennessee) - Daryl Gregory's novel The Devil's Alphabet
Tannersville (New York) revealed as fictional in Richard Russo's novel Bridge of Sighs
Teller Nuclear Research Facility (New Mexico) - Kevin J. Anderson's Ground Zero, an X Files novel
Tendonville (Illinois) - David Marusek's novel Mind Over Ship
Tetropolis - James Blish and Norman L. Knight's novel A Torrent of Faces
Threestep' (Georgia) - Mary Helen Stefaniak's novel The Cailiffs of Baghdad, Georgia
Todos Santos (California) - Larry Niven's Oath of Fealty
Transportation Estates North (Wisconsin) - Gordon Dickson's novel The Space Swimmers
Vettsburg (Missouri) - Daniel Quinn's novel After Dachau
Villa de Tecolutilla - Baby Breksit hoax
Vineland (California) - Thomas Pynchon's novel Vineland
Walden Two - B.F. Skinner's novel Walden Two
Wayward Pines (Idaho) - Blake Crouch's novel Pines
West Hall (Vermont) - Jennifer McMahon's The Winter People: A Novel
Wildgrove (Vermont) - James Morrow's novel This is the Way the World Ends
Wilhelmina (Georgia) - My Name is Khan 2010 film
Wormwood (Nevada) - David Oppegaard's novel Wormwood, Nevada
Wrinkled Bluffs - David Sedaris' novel Naked, brief reference p. 156
Zeneth (Winnmac state) - Sinclair Lewis's novels

Counties and ParishesEdit

Raymon County, Oregon. X-Files
Wanker County - Married with Children television series
Yoknapatawpha County - William Faulkner's novels and short stories

States and territoriesEdit

Alderney - Grand Theft Auto video games series
Alleghany - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero, Daybreak series
American Centaurian - Gini Koch's novel Alien Tango
Calisota' - Duck universe in various Walt Disney comic books
Catawba - Thomas Wolfe's novel Look Homeward, Angel
Columbia - Bioshock Infinite video game
Chesepeake - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero, Daybreak series: Green Idaho (northern half of Idaho after its partition) - Greg Bear's novel Heads, p. 48
Euphoria - David Lodge's novel Changing Places
Fremont - James A. Michener's novel Space
Heavensylvania - "4th of July Under Attack" episode of Colbert Report, June 30, 2009
Hohoq (a.k.a. Ar) - comedian John Hodgman's The Areas of My Expertise.
Lost Quarter - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero, Daybreak series
Malebolgia - Minuet in Hell episodes of Doctor Who
Manhattan - James Blish's short story "A Work of Art" in Science Fiction Stories July 1956
Mercer - Motorama 1991 film
Mikewa - Anthony Trollope's novel The American Senator
Missitucky - Finian's Rainbow 1947 Broadway musical
Moosylvania - The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show television series
New England - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero, Daybreak series
New Delaware - Daily Sow With John Stewart episode of January 16th, 2013
Federal District of Sitka - Michael Chabon's novel The Yiddish Policemen's Union
Superior - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero, Daybreak series
Statesota - Moral Orel Adult Swim television series
United Rockies Emirates - A Wry Look at the Presidential Election, Year 2024 Steve Bodow. Wired. 16:3 March 3, 2008.
Wabash - John Barnes's novel Daybreak Zero, Daybreak series
Waldensia - Kingley Amis's novel The Alteration, p. 201
Winnemac - Sinclair Lewis's novels

CountriesEdit

American Union - Larry Viven and Steven Barnes's novel The Moon Maze Game
Archdiocese of Florida - Chris Roberson's Further: Beyond the Threshold
Atlantic Union - Norman Spinrad's novel The Men in the Jungle
Aristopia - Costello Holford's novel Aristopia: A Romance-History of the New World
Blueland (island near Hawaii) - RIMPAC 98 (international maritime training exercise)
Boneheadia - Wantmore, Tweakmore, Totalscum, and the Tragedy of Boneheadia: A Parody about the Great Recession a parody by Charles Munger. Slate. July 6, 2011.
Brobdingnag Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels
California Republic - Colin Harvey's novel Damage Time
Canadia - Wantmore, Tweakmore, Totalscum, and the Tragedy of Boneheadia: A Parody about the Great Recession a parody by Charles Munger. Slate. July 6, 2011. (brief reference)
Can-Am States - Max Ehrlich's novel The Edict
Cascara (island)- Water 1985 film
Central - "Inside Probe" episodes of NBC television series My Name is Earl
Christian Federation of American States - M.J. Locke's novel Up Against It, p. 161
Christian States of America - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage, pp. 235-237
Cilenia - Karl Schroeder's "To Hie From Far Cilenia, in John Scalzi's short story collection Metatropolis
Commonwealth of American States - Arthur C. Clarke's novel 'The Hammer of God
Confederation of North America - Robert Sobel's novel For Want of a Nail
Deseret - Chris Roberson's Further: Beyond the Threshold
Drogeo - The Zeno Narrative
Ecotopia - Ernest Callenbach's novels Ecotopia: The Notebooks and Reports of William Weston and Ecotopia Emerging
Efficistan - Steve Vanderheiden's nonfiction book Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change
Empire of the Americas - Poul Anderson's "The Communicators," a short story in Robert Hoskin's collection Infinity One
Engroeneland (probably Greenland) - The Zeno Narrative
Estotiland - The Zeno Narrative
Evangelical Republic of Texas - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage, pp. 235-237
Federated States of the Western Hemisphere - Douglas R. Mason's novel Matrix
Free City of Boulder - Dale Pendell's 2010 novel The Great Bay: Chronicles of the Collapse, p. 128
Free State of Chihuahua - Gregory Benford's nonfiction book Deep Time
Frisland - The Zeno Narrative
Gath - NBC television series Kings
Gilboa - NBC television series Kings
Grand Duchy of Hallifax - John Barnes's novel The Last President, p. 351
Greater Texas - John C. Wright's novel Count to a Trillion
Haijac Union - Philip José Farmer's novel The Lovers
Higher Novo Mexico - Gregory Benford's nonfiction book Deep Time
Holy Britannian Empire (Shinsei Buritania Teikoku) - Code Geass anime universe
Joehio - "E Pluribus Unum" episode of The Family Guy
Icaria - The Zeno Narrative
Janitoria - Scrubs You Tube
Kingdom of Louisiana - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage, pp. 235-237
Kingdom of Mississippi - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage, pp. 235-237
Macaria - Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis and Samuel Hartlib's A Description of the Famous Kingdome of Macaria
Mecha (ruled by and for androids) - Madeline Ashby's novel vN, p. 67
Monroe Republic - Revolution
New Colonia - Black America HBO television series
Normeroca - Poul Anderson's short story "SOS" in his collection Dialogue With Darkness
Norrestand - Poul Anderson's "The Communicators," a short story in Robert Hoskin's collection Infinity One
North Amerian Directorate - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
Noram - L.E. Modesitt Jr.'s novel Haze
Northwest Union - Robert A. Heinlein's Beyond This Horizon
Oceania - George Orwell's novel 1984
Omerta - Katy Stauber's novel Revolution World
Opium - Nancy Farmer's novel The House of the Scorpion
Orangeland (island near Hawaii) - RIMPAC 98 (international maritime training exercise)
Petora - "E Pluribus Unum" episode of The Family Guy
Pacifica - Chris Roberson's Further: Beyond the Threshold
People's Republic of America - Invasion USA 1952 film
People's Republic of the Northeast - John C. Wright's novel Count to a Trillion
Pentocostal Gilead Heartland - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage
Pollutia - Steve Vanderheiden's nonfiction book Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change
Real America - John Barnes' novel Candle
Republic of Gilead - Margaret Atwood's novel The Handmaid's Tale
Republic of Hawaii/Free State of Hawaii - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Revolt in 2100
Republic of New England - Kingsley Amis's novel The Alteration
Reunited States - Dale Pendell's 2010 novel The Great Bay: Chronicles of the Collapse, p. 128
Rocky Mountain Independent Territories - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage (Homage to Philip K. Dick's The Man in the High Castle?)
Salmon Nation - Ecotrust NGO conception of the Pacific Northwest
Shasta-Tehachapi California Confederation - Dale Pendell's 2010 novel The Great Bay: Chronicles of the Collapse, p. 47
Socialist Union of American States - Maureen F. McHugh's novel China Mountain Zhang
Technate of North America - Mack Reynolds' novel The Cosmic Eye
Western Hemisphere Union - Allen Steele's novel Coyote Rising, Coyote universe
United America Mack Reynolds' novel Commune 2000 A.D.
United Republic of America - Allen Steele's novel Coyote Rising, Coyote universe
United States of North America (U.S.N.A.) - Robert A. Heinlein and Spider Robinson's novel Variable Star
United Vassal States of America - Otto Basil's novel Wenn dad der Fürher wusste (If Only the Fürher Knew)
Upper Servia (colony) - Mercy Otis Warren's patriotic satire The Adulateur
Zona Infectada - indie film

RiversEdit

FuckifIknow River - Why the NFL and Super Bowl Are a Lot Like Socialism by Bill Maher

OtherEdit

York Basin - James Blish and Norman L. Knight's novel A Torrent of Faces

IslandsEdit

Antilia (home to the "Island of Seven Cities) - 14th century Iberian legend
Buss Island
Cascara - Water 1985 film
New South Greenland
Plum Island (Delaware) - Survival of the Dead 2009 film
Utopia - Sir Thomas More's novel Utopia

South America and CaribbeanEdit

Cities and TownsEdit

Amazonica - Brian Aldiss' novel The Eighty Minute Hour, p. 163
Areavala - Ignacio de Loyola Brandao's novel The Good Bye Angel
Boraqua (Venezuela) - "Sister City," episode of Parks and Recreation October 15, 2009
KJS (King Jesus Society) Town - David Marusek's novel Mind Over Ship, p. 101
Nuevo Buenos Aires - John Barnes's novel The Merchants of Souls
Villanueva (capital of an unnamed fictional country) - Eduardo Urzaiz's Eugenia: A Fictional Sketch of Future Customs

CountriesEdit

Bananarama (renamed Isla Island) - Moon Over Isla Island episode of American Dad!, Season 6, October 4, 2009
Bolivarian Federation - Lee Konstantinou's novel Pop Apocalypse, p. 59
Brazilian Union - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
Costaguana - Juan Gabriel Vasquez's novel The Secret History of Costaguana
Costaguana - Michael Taussig's non-fiction? The Magic of the State
Greater Brazil - Paul McAuley's novel The Quiet War and Evening's Empire, page 31
Isla Island - Moon Over Isla Island episode of American Dad!, Season 6, October 4, 2009
Empire of the Americas - Poul Anderson's "The Communicators," a short story in Robert Hoskin's collection Infinity One
Estados Unidos de Sud - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Time for the Stars
Latinum - Max Ehrlich's novel The Edict
Macondo - Gabriel Garcia Marquez's novel One Hundred Years of Solitude
Mayapan - Adrienne V. Parks's novel Acts of God
Multinational Territory of Germany (former Brazilian states of Pernambuco and Rio Grande do Norte) - Ignacio de Loyola Brandao's novel And Still the Earth
New Bolivar - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Beyond This Horizon
Parador - Moon Over Parador 1988 film
Poyais - George HacGregor's land fraud scheme
Republic of Pernambuco - Roderick Barmen's non-fiction Brazil: The Forging of a Nation
Republic of Vieques - October 17, 1962 U.S. Military Training Exercise for the invasion of Cuba (Source: Alex von Tunzelmann's 2011 Red Heat: Conspiracy, Murder, and the Cold War in the Caribbean)
San Blas - Tourist Attraction episode of The Outer Limits
San Lorenzo - The San Lorenzo Job episode of Leverage December 19, 2010.
San Marcos - On the Carpet episode of Archer, March 24, 2014
San Marcos - Bananas 1971 Woody Allen film
San Theodoros - Hergé's cartoon Tintin and the Picaros
Southern Hemisphere League - John Barnes's Million Open Doors series novels: A Million Open Doors, brief reference
Sudam - L.E. Modesitt Jr.'s novel Haze
Tecala - Taylor Holden's novel Proof of Life

East Asia, Southeast Asia and AustralasiaEdit

Cities and TownsEdit

Bear City (Australia) - Graham Purchase's novel My Journey With Aristotle to the Anarchist Utopia
Cat Creek (Australia) - Graham Purchase's novel My Journey With Aristotle to the Anarchist Utopia
FactoryLand (China) - High School USA animated television series, first season
Gongilung - John Brunner's novel Stand on Zanzibar, 205 (located in the fictional Southeast Asian country of Yatakang)
Mera-kai (China) - The Campaign 2012 film
Neo Seoul - Cloud Atlas 2012 film
Kenching - Anthony Burgess' novel The Enemy in the Blanket
Shambala - Thomas Pynchon's novel Against the Day
Shirozuka (Honshu, Japan) - James Morrow's novel Shambling Towards Hiroshima

IslandsEdit

Bensalem (somewhere west of Peru) - Francis Bacon's novel New Atlantis
Mardi archipeligo - Herman Melvilles's novel Mardi
Shongao - John Brunner's novel Stand on Zanzibar, p. 205 (located in the fictional Southeast Asian country of Yatakang)
Unnamed island (near Hawaii) - Gilligan's Island 1964-1967 television series

CountriesEdit

Agartha - Buddhist legend
Arcadia - Cobra Gold 2009 joint Thai-American military exercise
Australia-Zealand - Brian Aldiss' novel Earthworks
Australasian Republic - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Tunnel in the Sky
Autarchy of Great Asia - Poul Anderson's short story "SOS" in his collection Dialogue With Darkness
Basicland - Basically, It's Over hypothetical island in an economic essay
Republic of Britannula - Anthony Trollope's novel The Fixed Period
Chinese Federation (中華連邦, Chūka Renpō) - Code Geass anime universe
Dahanga - Anthony Burgess' novel The Enemy in the Blankets
Democratic Republic of China - Paul McAuley's novel The Quiet War
Eastasia - George Orwell's novel 1984
Eastern Federation - Casshern 2004 film
Empire of the Great Khan - Robert A. Heinlein's novel Beyond This Horizon
Erewhon (presumably New Zealand) - Samuel Butler's novels Erewhon and Erewhon Revisited
Eurasian Coalition - David J. Williams' novel The Machinery of Light
Federated Orinet Republics - Max Ehrlich's novel The Edict
Kingdon of Agharti (religious, subterranean realm of the King of the World) - Ferdinand Ossendowski's Beasts, Men and Gods non-fiction book citation
Grand Society of China - Poul Anderson's short story "A Man to My Wounding," in his collection The Horn of Time
Great Asia - Poul Anderson's "The Communicators," a short story in Robert Hoskin's collection Infinity One
Great Asia Republic - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Door Into Summer
Great China - Norman Spinrad's novel The Men in the Jungle
Great China - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
Greater Manchuria - John C. Wright's novel Count to a Trillion, p. 184
Ogata Colony (undersea) - The Ancient, a Seaquest DSV novel
Pala - Aldous Huxley's utopian novel Island (inspiration for the Brotherhood of Eternal Love)
Panasia - Poul Anderson's short story "Epilogue," in his collection Explorations
Pan-Asian Republic - Colin Harvey's novel Damage Time
Pacific Community - Paul McAuley's novel The Quiet War
People's Republic of North China - Scott Mackay's novel Omega Sol
Republic of Shanghai - A Wry Look at the Presidential Election, Year 2024 Steve Bodow. Wired. 16:3. March 3, 2008
Republic of Wine - Mo Yan's novel Republic of Wine
Sarkhan - Eugene Burdick and William Lederer's novel The Ugly American
Siberian Republic - Gregory Benford's novel Eater, p. 282
United Asia - John Barnes's Million Open Doors series novels: A Million Open Doors, brief reference
United Federation of China - Max Brooks's novel World War Z
Yatakang - John Brunner's novel Stand on Zanzibar
The Yellow Empire - Les Aventures de Blake et Mortimer Belgian comic books

OtherEdit

Bullaware Desert (Australia) Graham Purchase's novel My Journey With Aristotle to the Anarchist Utopia

South AsiaEdit

CountriesEdit

Beneghal - Poul Anderson's "Progress," a short story in his collection The Horn of Time
Kalinga - Arthur C. Clarke's novel Imperial Earth, brief reference in a list of real countries and a work that otherwise mentions only real countries
Pankot - Indiana Jones and Temple of Doom 1984 film
Raspur - What's Up, Tiger Lily? 1966 Woody Allen film

PacificEdit

IslandsEdit

Enika Atoll (Marshall Islands) - Kevin J. Anderson's Ground Zero, an X Files novel
Nutmeg Island (near New Guinea) - late 17th century tale told by German military officer Frederick von Werlinhoff to extract money from the British East India Company
Sandy Island
Sangar Island - Robert Sheckley's novel The Journey of Joenes
Skin Island - Jessica Khoury's novel Vitro'

CountriesEdit

  • Equatorial New Guinea - Aloha 2015 film
Macronesia - "Asassinanny" episode of Venture Bros.
Maurai Federation - Poul Anderson's "Progress," a short story in his collection The Horn of Time
New Nippon - Karel Capek's novel War With the Newts, p. 134

EuropeEdit

Provinces, Cities, Towns and CountiesEdit

Allingley (town In England) - Geoffrey Gudgion's horror novel Saxon's Bane
Angleton (town) - The Newcomers, a BBC television soap opera, October 5, 1965-November 28, 1969
Badenheim (town in Austria) - Aharon Appelfeld's novel Badenheim 1939
Chemistry City # 4 - Karin Boye's novel Kalocain
Everytown - Things to Come 1936 film
Kerenskygrad - Poul Anderson's novel The Long Way Home
Kitezh (sunken city believed to be a utopia by heterodox Russian Christians in the 19th century)
Lllgxtpll (Wales) - P.G. Wodehouse's novel The Swoop! or How Clarence Saved England
Lower Uncton - "England Show, Parts I-III" Married With Children television series
Metrozone/Outerzone - Simon Morden's novel Equations of Life, Samuil Petrovich Trilogy
Murzilovka (non-existent Russian village used in propaganda) - Karl Kautsky's nonfictional Terrorism and Communism, p. 172
Nova Venezia (city state) - Tozo cartoon
Oblamovka (town in Czarist Russia) - I.A. Goncharov's novel Oblamov
Peaceways (company village in England) - G.K. Chesterton's novel The Flying Inn
Pebble-on-Sea (seaside town in England) - G.K. Chesterton's novel The Flying Inn
Pyrus - capital of the Principality of Genovia (The Princess Diaries 2001 film)
Rutshire (English County) - Jilly Cooper's romance novels
Stonemouth (Scotland) - Iain Banks' novel Stonemouth
Strelsau - capital of Ruritania in Anthony Hopes' novel The Prisoner of Zenda
Tiaria (reference to Germany in pre-WWI British war planning) - Christopher Andrew's Defend the Realm: The Authorized History of MI5, p. 17.
Upper Uncton - "England Show, Parts I-III" Married With Children television series
City of Villach (in Styria) - Season of the Witch 2011 film
Yarylyuk - Anthony Burgess' novel Tremor of Intent
Zubrowka - The Grand Budapest Hotel 2014 film

IslandsEdit

Avalon - Celtic mythology The Mabinogion
Caspiar (located in the Caspian Sea) - homeland of comedian Andy Kaufman's character Foreign Man
Diavolino (Lake Trasimeno, Italy) -  Horror novel Diavolino by Steve Emmett
Merodia (archipelago in Lagodo)- Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR) 2002 Exercize
Pescespada Island - The Life Aquatic 2004 film

CountriesEdit

Astarkh Republic - David R. George III's Star Trek: The Original Series novel Allegiance in Exile
Bacteria - The Great Dictator 1940 Charlie Chaplin film
Balta - Evan Mandery's novel First Contact: Or, Its Later Than You Think. pp. 188, 214
Borduria - Hergé's Tintin and the Picaros
Borgravia - Norman Spinrad's The Iron Dream (note the novel within the novel structure)
Burgundy (real region but fictional independent country) - Brad Linaweaver's novella Moon of Ice
Castalia - Hermann Hesse's novel Magister Ludi: The Glass Bead Game
Common Europe - Mack Reynolds' novel Commune 2000 A.D.
Common Europe - John Brunner's novel Stand on Zanzibar
Duchy of Grand Fenwick - The Mouse that Roared 1959 film
Eurasia - George Orwell's novel 1984
Euro Universe - Code Geass anime universe
EuroFreezone - David Brin's novel Existence, p. 45
Euroasia - Max Ehrlich's novel The Edict
Europa - Max Ehrlich's novel The Edict
Europa - Casshern 2004 film
European Alliance - Allen Steele's novel Coyote Rising, Coyote universe
Eurore Division - Brian W. Aldiss's novel Bow Down to Nul
Franconia - Owen Gregory's novel Meccania: the Super-State
Free State of Bohemia - Dale Pendell's 2010 novel The Great Bay: Chronicles of the Collapse, p. 124
Freedonia - Duck Soup 1933 Marx Brothers film
Galway Republic - John Barnes's novel The Last President, p. 351
Gazira-ul-Ragul (renamed and Islamized Isle of Man) - Anthony Burgess' essay/dystopian novella 1985, p. 243
Genovia - The Princess Diaries 2001 film
Gérolstein - Jacques Offenbach's opéra bouffe La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein (The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein)
Greatbrit Division - Brian W. Aldiss's novel Bow Down to Nul
Greater Soviet Union - Norman Spinrad's novel The Men in the Jungle
High Republic of Heldon - Norman Spinrad's The Iron Dream (note the novel within the novel structure)
Holy Islamic Caliphate of Iraq - Dad From 2150 Can’t Get Enough Iraq War Documentaries parody in The Onion March 13, 2014
Holy Russian Empire - Max Brooks's novel World War Z
Isreal - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage
Jewish Free State (Balkans) - Stephen Fry's alternative history within a novel Making History
Kallipolis (ideal city state) - Plato's political philosophic work The Republic
Kingdom of the Azores - John Barnes's novel The Last President, p. 351
Lagodo - Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR) 2002 Exercize
Luniland - Owen Gregory's novel Meccania: the Super-State
Lugubria - Owen Gregory's novel Meccania: the Super-State
Luvania - trick question in One.Tel. 2004 public opinion survey
Macedonion Free State - Poul Anderson's "Marius," a short story in his collection The Horn of Time
Meccania - Owen Gregory's novel Meccania: the Super-State
Mitteleuropa - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
Moronica - You Natzy Spy 1939 Three Stooges feature
Northern Union (northern Europe) - Gwynne Dyer's nonfiction Climate Wars, p. 1
Orbanistan (Hungary under Viktor Orban) - Hey Diddle Diddle, Viktor Orban and the Fiddle CafeBabel
Osterlich - The Great Dictator 1940 Charlie Chaplin film
Padania (northern Italian peninsula) - Gwynne Dyer's nonfiction Climate Wars, p. 1
Pottsylvania - The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle 2000 film
Relinesia - MILEX 09 EU Exercise
Republic of Scotland - Ken MacLeod's novel The Night Sessions, p. 73
Rhodania - MILEX 09 EU Exercise
Rumanovia - Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story 2004 film
Ruritania - Anthony Hopes' novel The Prisoner of Zenda
Russlavic Federation - Charles E. Gannon's novel Fire With Fire, p. 594
Schlaraffia - myth described in John Waller's nonfiction The Dancing Plague, p. 31
Slaka - Malcolm Bradbury's sendup Why Come to Slaka?: The Official Guide to an Imaginary, Mysteriously Mobile Piece of Europe
Sovunion - Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
States of Europe - Brian Aldiss' novel Earthworks
Soviet Complex - Mack Reynolds' novel Commune 2000 A.D.
Sycambia - Randolph Robban's Si l'Allemagne avait vainu
Sylvania - Duck Soup 1933 Marx Brothers film
Tomainia - The Great Dictator 1940 Charlie Chaplin film
Trobokistan - former Soviet satellite state in Totally Spies! television series
United Europe - Robert A. Heinlein's novel For Us, the Living, p. 56
United Federation of Britain - Total Recall 2012 remake of the adequate 1990 film adaptation
United Free Europe - Poul Anderson's "Marius," a short story in his collection The Horn of Time
Universal State - Karin Boye's novel Kallocain
Wolack - Norman Spinrad's The Iron Dream (note the novel within the novel structure)
Worldstate - Karin Boye's novel Kallocain
Zembla - Vladimir Nabakov's novel (or collection of cantos) Pale Fire
Zind - Norman Spinrad's The Iron Dream (note the novel within the novel structure)
Unnamed country where Esperanto is the national language (whatever you do, don't name Fascist Italy) - Idiot's Delight 1939 film

Middle East and Central AsiaEdit

Cities and TownsEdit

Baleb (capital of Azaran) - Fred Hoyle and John Elliot's novel Andromeda Breakthrough
Wadi al-Uyoun - Abdelrahman Munif's novel Cities of Salt
Hirbet Hizah (fictional Palestinian village destroyed in the Naqba) - S. Yizhar's "The Story of Hirbet Hizah."

CountriesEdit

Area 18, controlled by the Holy Britannian Empire (Shinsei Buritania Teikoku), - Code Geass anime universe
Azaran (Muslim Middle East oil state) - Fred Hoyle and John Elliot's novel Andromeda Breakthrough
Berzerkistan - G.B. Trudeau's Tee Time in Berzerkistan
Domination of Baikal - Poul Anderson's "The Communicators," a short story in Robert Hoskin's collection Infinity One
Federation of Imamates - Lee Konstantinou's novel Pop Apocalypse
Hamiya - Amjad Nasser's novel Land of No Rain
Islamic Republic of Arabia - Gwynne Dyer's nonfiction Climate Wars, p. 2
Israeli Republics - Philip José Farmer's novel The Lovers
Kazanistan - John Rawls' nonfiction The Law of Peoples, pp. 75-78
Mooran - Abdelrahman Munif's novel The Trench
Qumar - The West Wing television series
Shia Islamic Caliphate - Frederic C. Rich's novel Christian Nation
Takistan - PC realistic military videogame ARMA II.
Tallstoria (ruled by Persia) - Thomas More's novel Utopia
Tebarou - Brian Aldiss' novel Super-State
Turaqistan - War, Inc. 2008 film
TransArabian Caliphates - Lee Konstantinou's novel Pop Apocalypse
TransIslamia - L.E. Modesitt Jr.'s novel Haze
Ugigistan - War, Inc. 2008 film
Republic of Wadiya - The Dictator 2012 film
United Arab States - Matt Ruff's novel The Mirage
Yisroel (Yiddish speaking) - Michael Chabon's essay "Guidebook to a Land of Ghosts" Harper's October 1997 and also an addendum to his novel The Yiddish Policemen's Union

IslandsEdit

Iscariot - Thomas De Quincey's Golden Legend

RiversEdit

Sabbatyon - Talmud

Uncertain Regional LocationEdit

CitiesEdit

Eastham City - Douglas R. Mason's novel Matrix
Egremont City - Douglas R. Mason's novel Matrix
Fairfield City - Douglas R. Mason's novel Matrix
Marwencol - Marwencol 2010 film
New Oleo - David Ohle's novel The Age of Sinatra
Paradise City - Douglas R. Mason's novel Matrix
Pisstown - David Ohle's novel The Age of Sinatra
Ribble City - Douglas R. Mason's novel Matrix
Satirev - James Morrow's 1990 novel City of Truth
Tesla Town - David Ohle's novel The Age of Sinatra, p. 90
Urbania, Normland - Richard Rottenburg's nonfiction book Far-Fetched Facts description from MIT Press
Veritas - James Morrow's 1990 novel City of Truth
Descartes Borough
Kant Borough
Locke Borough
Nietzche Borough
Plato Borough
Spinoza Borough

CountriesEdit

Ambergris - Jeff Vandermeer's fantasy novel Finch
Artega - The Antelope 23 U.S. 66 (1825). (Chief Justice John Marshall's fictional country)
Brobdingnag - Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels
Cloud Cuckoo Land - Aristophenes's play The Birds
Commonwealth of Republica - "Tax Law Drafting Samples: VAT," International Monetary Fund article Jan. 24, 2006
Crim Tartary - W.M. Thackeray's illustrated novel The Rose and the Ring
Glubdubdrib - Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels
Herland - Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s feminist utopian novel Herland
Gapnadesh - Gap Year Land opens near Tenby The Daily Mash, May 4, 2013
Glennbeckistan - Letter to the Editor from WV U.S. Senator Robert Byrd
Kalif's empire - Jeff Vandermeer's fantasy novel Finch, p. 14
Kazohinia - Sándor Szathmári's novel Kazohinia
Kingdom of Prester John (locations in either Asia or Africa) - Medieval European myth.
Kirkesner - U.S. military medical training at Quantico, VA (source: Kyndra Miller Rotunda's memoir Honor Bound, pp. 14, 17, 21)
Lagado - Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels
Land Where Econfakers Dwell - John F. Weeks's nonfiction Economics of the 1% p. 5
Laputa - Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels
Lilliput - Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels
Linaria - Asuka Izumi’s manga The Lizard Prince
Normland - Richard Rottenburg's nonfiction book Far-Fetched Facts description from MIT Press
Outer Zone, a.k.a. OZ - Tin Man 2007 min-series
Paflagonia - W.M. Thackeray's illustrated novel The Rose and the Ring
Renewistan - Stewart Brand's nonfiction Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist's Manifesto
New Vatopia - "Tax Law Drafting Samples: VAT," International Monetary Fund article Jan. 24, 2006
Stockton Commonwealth - Jeff Vandermeer's fantasy novel Finch, p.14
Zone Seven (probably in Central Asia) - Casshern 2004 film

IslandsEdit

Dr. Evil's Private Volcano Island - Austin Powers: the Spy Who Shagged Me 1999 film
Happy Funtime Island - "Isla de las Chupacabras" episode of Sealab 2021. 11-14-2004
Island of Misfit Toys - Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer 1964 animated television feature
Nobama - White House Correspondent's Assocation 2013 Comments by President Barack Obama
Panchaia - Euhemerus's Sacred History
Scotia Moria - Frank Careless's The Floating Island

OtherEdit

HFZ, a.k.a. Hoegbotton & Frankwrithe Zone - Jeff Vandermeer's fantasy novel Finch

RiversEdit

  • Pathogen River - James Morrow's 1990 novel City of Truth

ContinentsEdit

Atlantis
Hyperborea
Karain - A. Tappan Wright's novel Islandia
Islandia (country in the continent of Karain) - A. Tappan Wright's novel Islandia
Lemuria
Mu
Thule

ElsewhereEdit

TownsEdit

  • Saint Praz - Brian Aldiss's short story "The Impossible Star," in his collection Who Can Replace a Man?

CountriesEdit

  • Borel - Django Wexler's novel The Thousand Names (The Shadow Campaigns series), p. 362
  • Creepybastardistan - Capital in the 21st Century cartoon
  • Efficistan - Steve Vanderheiden's nonfiction Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change
  • Murnsk - Django Wexler's novel The Thousand Names (The Shadow Campaigns series), p. 362
  • Old Crotheria - Brian Aldiss's short story "The Worm that Flies"
  • Old Talwmbil - Brian Aldiss's short story "The Worm that Flies"
  • Or - Brian Aldiss's short story "The Worm that Flies"
  • Pollutia - Steve Vanderheiden's nonfiction Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change
  • Six Cities League - Django Wexler's novel The Thousand Names (The Shadow Campaigns series), p. 362
  • Vordan - Django Wexler's novel The Thousand Names (The Shadow Campaigns series), p. 362


LinksEdit

External LinksEdit

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